A Public Service…

trump-biden-1
The criminal Trump calls for foreign governments to intervene in American elections by investigating Joe Biden and his son.  Publicly.  What a dumbass…

Donald J. Trump, ostensible President of the United States, broke the law and keeps breaking the law.  He’s a criminal, a lawbreaker, an offender, a villain, a malefactor.  He’s a culprit, a wrongdoer, a sinner; a fraudster, a swindler, a conman, a miscreant.  It’s not a secret.  He did it on national television, fercrissakes…  But, I still get challenged by my conservative brethren from time to time, “WHAT LAW?!?!?!”  (You have to read it like that…)  So, as a public service, here you go:

United States Code, Title 52 section 30121, paragraph a.1.A and a.2.

“§ 30121. Contributions and donations by foreign nationals (a) Prohibition It shall be unlawful for—(1) a foreign national, directly or indirectly, to make—(A) a contribution or donation of money or other thing of value, or to make an express or implied promise to make a contribution or donation, in connection with a Federal, State, or local election; (B) a contribution or donation to a committee of a political party; or (C) an expenditure, independent expenditure, or disbursement for an electioneering communication (within the meaning of section 30104(f)(3) of this title); or (2) a person to solicit, accept, or receive a contribution or donation described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1) from a foreign national.”

That’s the law, right there, although I’ve emphasized the relevant points.  It’s important to remember, I’m no lawyer.  This is certainly NOT an exhaustive “list.”  This would only be ONE count.  (Perhaps his request to China constitutes a second count.)  But violating this law gave Congress every right to investigate, at least as far as the Constitution of the United States is concerned – meaning it’s NOT a “witch hunt.”  Every time Trump tells one of his minions not to respond to Congressional subpoenas, he’s committing Obstruction.  (That’s one count, two counts, three counts, etc.)

I’m very aware that the opinions inside the conservative bubble ALL say something else.  But…opinions being what they are (um…useless) it’s more important to note that people are NOT free to pretend anything they want when they’re under oath.  So the opinion-mongers of the conservative bubble (people free to lie) all say Donnie Dumbass is being unfairly maligned but the witnesses testifying under oath (facing possible penalties for perjury) have pretty much agreed Trump did what he’s accused of doing.

So conservatives can no longer honestly argue that Donnie didn’t break the law.  You CAN argue that Presidents can do whatever they want, including breaking the law.  But be forewarned: you’re arguing that ANY President can do whatever he or she wants, including breaking the law – even a DemocRAT President.  Future protestations that some DemocRAT President broke the law will go unheard.  Besides, with the help of the conservative base, the system will have been SO broken by Donnie that no mechanism will exist to intervene.  Thanks for that, conservatives.  (And make no mistake: history will forever record that it was conservatives who brought down the United States…)

For my part?  I don’t want ANY Presidents to be allowed to break the law.  I don’t care which party they pretend to represent…

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One of the ways the conservative bubble is trying to gin up anger amongst it’s consumers is pretending that impeaching trump over his crimes is really just trying to overturn the will of the people.  They keep reminding Trump supporters that they voted for Trump (duh!) without reminding those same supporters that MORE Americans voted against Trump, peculiarities of the Electoral College notwithstanding.

So…technically, even if the true and only goal of the impeachment was about overturning the 2016 “election” – it isn’t – it IS in keeping with the wishes of the majority of Americans…

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I keep posting these pieces to Facebook so people can see them and comment but you don’t have to wait for me to copy and paste!  You could simply come to my site ‘The Bacon Press‘ and sign up to have them delivered directly to your inbox.  (The link at the bottom, on the right, says ‘join’ but you don’t actually have to ‘join’ anything.  It just needs your email address.  Oh, damn…does anybody USE email anymore?)

Lock Him Up!

I have to say, I think it’s funny that Donnie Dumbass has gone – TWICE, now – to public events only to discover what REAL Americans actually think of him.  He went to game 5 of the World Series where he was greeted by boos and calls to “lock him up.”  So, then he goes to a UFC bout where he’s greeted by even more boos.  Okay, so in fairness the UFC crowd DID include some of his supporters, who cheered.  Of course, one cannot ignore the possibility that his supporters came specifically to prop up the fragile ego of our national embarrassment.  I guess he should stick to the safe zones of his little Nuremberg rallies where the crowd is carefully controlled to include only those who will sing his praises…

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Okay, so as I score this, it looks very much like most (all?) of those who participated in the criminal phone call – I mean, those who were actually on the line listening – have agreed that the President broke the law.  Several have now testified under oath that they were so concerned by what they heard they reported the matter to their appropriate supervisors.

On the other hand, opinion-mongers and talking heads are certain that the President didn’t do anything wrong – because he said so.  After all, what criminal ever lies about their crimes?  “Look at the transcript,” they say.  For clarity, there IS no “transcript” at this point.  What the White House provided is called an abstract.  It (supposedly) shows what happened in the call but it is NOT an actual word-for-word record.  THAT document has been withheld.  (Because who DOESN’T withhold proof of innocence when that exists?)

This is the trick of the cons going back to the launch of Fox “News”; opinions in place of facts but pretended to be just as valuable.  Of course, opinions are NOT just as valuable.  Many statements presented as “opinions” are, in fact, bold faced lies.  But one can’t take legal action against an “opinion”, right?

Some of the less…sophisticated consumers of conservative bubble drivel try, from time to time, to prove some assertion or another from the bubble by taking it into court.  It’s ALWAYS a mistake.  I remember when conservatives were having a great time pretending Obama was born outside of America.  Oh, how easy it was to just insist that, no, that’s not what a Hawaiian birth certificate looks like – as though most of them had ever seen a Hawaiian birth certificate themselves.  As long as it’s just agreed-upon conservative blather, the conversation can go on forever.  But if some true believer – say, Orly Taitz – makes the mistake of trying to PROVE something in an actual court of law the case is universally summarily dismissed – usually with prejudice (meaning they can’t bring the case again…)  All it really proved is that Orly Taitz doesn’t understand things…

So the opinion-mongering blatherers are on about how Trump is totally innocent and the greatest thing since…some other great thing.  But Trump’s crimes are undergoing legal processes, now.  The trumpsters can insist anything they like but the court action will prove larger in the process.  It had better, anyway.  If the trumpsters succeed in letting Donnie get away with these high crimes and misdemeanors, they will have “protected their President” but “destroyed their country.”  Lovely…

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Now I see some of the farthest right voices are threatening civil war if Trump is called to answer for his crimes.  Nice.  Here’s the thing: the LAST time conservatives were deceived into betraying their country and took up arms, TRUE Americans kicked their asses.  It was bloody, costly, and destructive – and we’ll do it again, if you force us.

Ironic, isn’t it?  Conservatives pretend to LOVE the Constitution but are willing to trample it under foot because some opinion-monger told them a lie they prefer to believe.

Smart people – TRUE Americans – are eschewing “opinions” in favor of “journalism.”  If you’re going to start actually killing people – you’d better make damn sure your facts are true and not just assertions of the opinion-mongers…

Just Say ‘No…’

Meth

I know how it happens.  It starts innocently enough.  Someone you know, a friend or just an acquaintance at a party, suggests you give it a try.  You KNOW the right answer, “No.”  You explain that you’ve heard the stuff is dangerous.  It destroys families.  It destroys minds.  It destroys lives.
“Nah,” comes the answer.  “That’s just what the government wants you to believe.”
You stick to your guns – at first.  But it comes up again…and then again.  Eventually, you agree to a little bump, if for no other reason than to get your friend/acquaintance off  your back about it.

You’re surprised by what happens.  You feel strong.  You feel empowered.  You feel like you’re part of something bigger than yourself.  The next morning, you feel a little nauseous but you can’t shake the way you felt after that first little bump.  All of the other information is still in your head: how dangerous it is and the kinds of problems that can happen – but it felt so…good…

So you bump again.  Not much.  Just a little.  Not every day but once in awhile.  The warnings about the risks begin to fade in your memory.  The empowerment, the feeling of belonging, the energy are strong attractants.  You’re still a bit wary but before you know it, you’re bumping on a regular basis convinced you’re still in control of when and how much.  YOU choose…but that feeling…

You can’t really say when it changed.  You WERE in charge.  YOU chose when you bumped and how much.  You could take it or leave it, once, but at some point, you found that you needed the next little hit.  Somewhere, inside, you had concerns but you managed to talk yourself out of them, convincing yourself, instead, that you’re still in charge.  You haven’t been driven by the need to this next bump – bigger, now, than the one before.  No, this is your choice, this one last bump.

But it isn’t the last.  Before you know it, you’re fully involved.  People around you begin to notice.  Your closest inner circle begins to express concerns, first among themselves, then to you directly.  But you just want more.  The bump may not be as satisfying as that first one but you keep on chasing.  Before too long, there’s nothing – nothing – you won’t do to protect your supply.

Over time you surrender your dignity, your honor, your principles – anything to get that next little bump.  Your conversations become difficult to follow.  You don’t notice, perhaps, but the people around you surely do as your conversational contributions become peppered with half-truths, falsehoods, and outright delusions.  The more you bump the less stable you are.  Your brain becomes addled with an inability to discern fact from fiction.  Slowly, you lose your ability to think straight.  Logic becomes replaced by assertions and unsupportable opinions…

Your inner circle, the people who had been trying to warn you off of the stuff, begin to distance themselves from you.  People NOT trapped in that world can readily see that you’ve become unstable, dangerous, and, frankly, unpleasant to be around.  Wrath seems to be a feature, not a bug of your habit.  They explain that you’re not being rational.  They try to intervene.  They want to help.

But you just dismiss them – furiously – and denounce them and their efforts.  What do THEY know?  “Fuck them,” you tell yourself, angrily.  “They don’t understand…”
The more people try to help, the more the rage grows.  Eventually, it becomes clear to the people around you that you’re NOT going to give up bumping.  You’re going to cling to that feeling for all you’re worth.  Your dedication takes it’s toll on everything – everything.  Friends, co-workers, even your own family actively try to distance themselves from you.  Your support network falls away – frustrated by your loyalty to something so destructive, saddened that you’re lost and can’t even see it.

Soon, the only people who will have you are those who are also trapped.  You find yourself in a feedback loop that reinforces the notion that the world just doesn’t understand and only those brave enough to bump in the first place “get it.”  It’s a world of paranoia, delusion, and anger – and you’re trapped…

This is your brain on Fox “News.”  Why, what did YOU think I was talking about?

Smears, Smacks, and Smugness…

Tulsi-1I’ve got to say…I wish Hillary would just stay out of it.  She’s out, these days, suggesting that Tulsi Gabbard, the Congresswoman from Hawaii, is likely a Russian asset being groomed to run a third party candidacy.  Okay, in fairness, Hillary didn’t mention Tulsi by name.  She said the Russians have “got their eye on somebody who’s currently in the Democratic primary and are grooming her to be the third party candidate”.  Party Democrats seem to be enjoying a whisper campaign against Tulsi along those lines.

If this was the only time Hillary tried the Russian bot story, I would STILL have a problem with it.  But Tulsi Gabbard was the vice-chair of the DNC when said DNC pre-sold the Democratic nomination to Hillary and then had to move Heaven and Earth (and millions of votes) to deliver.  When Tulsi discovered what the DNC was doing in the back rooms, she stepped down and, later, decried the development.  This did not sit well with the Democratic power structure and Tulsi has been persona non gratis ever since.

So maybe the Democratic power structure has decided to call anyone they don’t like Russian bots.  Still, it does seem strange, to me, that one of the voices that exposed the DNC/Hillary deal back in 2016 is now a target of such “charges.”  For the record, Tulsi denies any interest whatsoever in running a third party campaign.  For MY part, I still think Tulsi is a “good Democrat” – meaning a party loyalist, even if the party isn’t loyal to her.  (Tulsi is a progressive “good Democrat.”  Officially, that’s her second strike – integrity being the first…)

And Hillary?  Well, she charged Jill Stein with the same thing.  It seems like Hillary sees Russians everywhere, these days.  In fact, Hillary has several explanations for why she couldn’t beat Donald Trump.  NONE of them have to do with her lousy campaign…

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Yesterday, two astronauts went on a spacewalk to repair something on the international space station.  That doesn’t seem like much of a story these days, does it?  So, spice it up a bit.  Both astronauts were women!  Did they both rip off their spacesuits and engage in hot girl-on-girl action?  No.  They just did their job.  I know, it’s supposed to be hailing an historic event.  The first all-female EVA.  Ooohhh!  Ahhhh!  It kind of feels like a back-handed compliment, to me.  “Wow, even a woman could do it.”

The Russians sent the first woman,Valentina Tereshkova, into space in 1963.  Apparently, women have been perfectly capable of working in space just as long as men have done.  It’s just that the men wouldn’t let them.  Perhaps the headline should read, ‘Men Finally Pull Their Heads Out Of Their Asses And Make Use Of ALL Of Their Assets.’  It seems that’s all that has really happened.  Still, congratulations to the two women, Christina Koch and Jessica Meir, on their hysteric – or, rather, historic – event…

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I’m kind of counting on the UK’s version of our Donnie Dumbass, Boris Johnson, to deliver on his promise of delivering a no-deal Brexit.  The move will do serious harm to the world economy.  Donnie Dumbass is doing what he can do wreck the American economy and with Boris throwing in, a downturn is nearly inevitable.  Even trumpsters might understand…okay, no, not trumpsters but an economic downturn will almost certainly support a change in the current maladministration.  So I’m a little disappointed to see that in Great Britain, the grown-ups are still running the show.  In blocking the no-deal Brexit scheduled for later this month, my hopes of an economic downturn hurting Donnie’s chances dim, a bit…

Our Guy, Your Guy…

I don’t understand my conservative brethren.  I mean, I do, really.  I know they’ve been trapped by the conservative bubble where they’ve been taught to ignore facts and reality in favor of preferred opinions.  These guys ALWAYS have the same opinions: our guy is great, your guy (or gal) sucks…

In response to the Trump crime family’s most recent crimes – enlisting foreign powers to help Donnie Dumbass return to the White House so he can betray America some more – I saw a story, this morning, talking about the times the Obama Administration refused to respond to subpoenas.  The piece claimed 9 times.  Of course, it was an opinion piece so it can claim anything it wants.  For example, it included such undeniable items as when one person was invited – not subpoenaed – to speak to Congress and chose not to.  It DID mention a couple of actual subpoenas but, for example, in one case, the Obama Administration declined because the issue was already with the Sour Cream Court…

So the part the confuses me about my conservative brethren is NOT that they’ve made a conscious decision to be spectacularly wrong about every issue.  To me, the confusing part is why they insist on making the deceivers – Heritage, Cato, American Enterprise, and the Hoover institute among so many others – keep writing new stories.  It seems…odd.

THEY don’t care about the details or facts of any situation.  WE aren’t going to accept bullshit issued by conservative “think” tanks since it never – and I mean never – matches reality.  So…if you don’t care what’s in the story and we’re not going to buy the bullshit anyway, I think you only need two stories.

One, our guy didn’t do it and two, your guy did far, far worse.  I suppose you could have a third, just to shake things up – our guy didn’t do it AND your guy was far, far worse.

So, for example, the first one, ‘Our Guy Didn’t,’ they could just write: “Oh, those crazy libtards are at it again.  They’re blaming our guy even though they haven’t got one shred of evidence and we all know, with or without evidence, that our guy would never do anything like what they’re suggesting.”  The second piece, ‘What About YOUR Guy?’ would be straightforward enough.  “Oh, those crazy libtards, who hate our country, are at it again.  They’re trying to blame our glorious and perfect (insert name of candidate or politician here) but they just ignore when they’re own guy did the same thing.  There was that one time they did that thing, remember?  Then there was that second time they did a thing, and then there was that third time, remember that?  THAT was the truly bad thing and nobody should ever look at any behavior of our guy until the DemocRAT suffers for the things we can pretend he/she did…”

Then, just to shake things up a bit, they do a mash-up.  “Oh, those crazy libtards are at it again.  They’re blaming our guy even though they haven’t got one shred of evidence and we all know, with or without evidence, that our guy would never do anything like what they’re suggesting.  But those crazy libtards, who hate our country, are at it again.  They’re trying to blame our glorious and perfect (insert name of candidate or politician here) but they just ignore when they’re own guy did the same thing.  There was that one time they did that thing, remember?  Then there was that second time they did a thing, and then there was that third time, remember that?  THAT was the truly bad thing and nobody should ever look at any behavior of our guy until the DemocRAT suffers for the things we can pretend he/she did…”

See how easy it is?  Three simple (emphasis on ‘simple’) stories to cover any situation…

I’ll tell you this: if the “think” tanks didn’t have to spend so much time ginning up fraudulent stories to keep the faithful on board, they could turn their attention to other ways of undermining this once-great nation to the benefit of the privileged elite…

Terrible Americans…

Okay, so we all agree that the Don of the Trump crime family broke the law in seeking to enlist foreign aid against a political rival for the upcoming “election”, right?  No, you don’t have to say so out loud if you’re trying to protect your status as “good conservative.”  I guess I don’t have to point out that protecting a President who is committing crimes just to maintain your “good conservative” credentials is going to drop you squarely into the “Terrible American” column, as well, but I’m sure the cons know that.  It’s a price they’re willing to pay…

Most of my conservative friends have been strangely quiet on the topic.  I suspect they realize there’s no good spin, yet.  Hell, even Tucker Carlson says there’s no way to spin this as a good idea.  I believe Carlson would blow Trump on national TV if Trump told him to and Carlson has STILL come out publicly and criticized the Orange Moron.  Of course, we all know getting head IS an impeachable offense, yes?

Tucker Carlson blows
Carlson doing Trump’s bidding…

Besides Trump, the Terrible American I’m really worried about is Mitch McConnell.  That dude hates Democrats so much he’d burn this country to the ground and dance on it’s ashes just to be able to say he showed them.  I know, that should be hyperbole.  Sadly, it isn’t.  The inquiry is only starting.  The evidence is strong against the current maladministration.  McConnell has already indicated that he doesn’t care what the evidence shows.  He will not convict Trump.

McConnell
Mitch McConnell HATES the United States Constitution…

“I would have no choice but to take it up,” McConnell said. “How long you’re on it is a whole different matter, but I would have no choice but to take it up, based on a Senate rule on impeachment.”  Now he’s using his refusal to do his job in an attempt to keep his job.  He has campaign mailers going out saying he’s the only thing standing between the law and the President.  (His wording might be a bit different…)

Okay, quick question, here.  I’m no lawyer but doesn’t announcing the outcome before the trial even begins disqualify one from participating in the process?  “He’s absolutely innocent and we’ll be happy to look at any evidence you can present that supports that position” just…feels like the trial may not be fair and impartial.  I think McConnell has to recuse.  He won’t.  He loves his power and his so-called president more than he loves his country but he should step aside…

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Speaking of terrible Americans, I’m increasingly disappointed in how incredibly stupid we are – as a group, I mean.  I know a LOT of very intelligent individuals.  I don’t know HOW so many intelligent individuals become SO effing stupid when in a group but the evidence is undeniable.  Is it really SO important to fit in with a crowd, any crowd, you’d allow yourself to be portrayed as a drooling moron rather than stand up and demonstrate even standard intelligence?

I’ll tell you this: when I look at the number of people who actually believe, or simply pretend to believe, some stupid position – some position contrary to an avalanche of evidence – just to try and “win” some political argument, I’m disheartened.  We’re Americans.  We were supposed to be better than that…

Bluffs and Bloviation…

Ah, Pacific Gas and Electric…again!  They blew up San Bruno.  Rather than repair a gas pipeline they knew was leaking, they diverted the money to a political campaign in a failed attempt to create a monopoly in the state.  But, they created a revenue stream from it by getting an increase in rates, ostensibly to pay the fine.  The fine will be paid and gone, the rate increase is forever.  They burned down Paradise.  Maintaining all of that equipment, it seems, really cuts into profits.  But, they created a revenue stream from it by getting an increase in rates, ostensibly to pay the fine.  The fine will be paid and gone, the rate increase is forever…

I want to be clear, here.  I know the rank and file workers are doing the best they can with what they have.  These decisions are being made by the management, not the workers.  People have noticed that PG&E refuses to do it’s job and then profits from the subsequent disaster they create.  People aren’t happy about it.  So, PG&E goes on the offensive.  They start an ad campaign about how awesome they are and how they care and how there’s nothing more important than safety and…blah, blah, blah.

Now, they’re threatening their customers.  “We’re going to turn the power off, how do you like that?”  Why?  Safety, of course.  They’re not JUST turning off the power.  They’re leaving it off for several days.  That should show us.  “Well,” they say, “we need to check the lines before we can restore power.”  Why?  Well, because they STILL haven’t properly maintained the equipment and, apparently, a strong breeze can bring down lines.  So…why don’t they just bury the lines?  They already bury gas lines, why not put the electric lines underground, too?  Oh, FAR too expensive.

Quick lesson: profits are the amounts left over after all of the expenses are subtracted from all of the revenues.  If profit is $1 dollar, the company will be fine.  All obligations are covered, all employees paid.  In the first quarter of 2018, PG&E reported profits of 442 million dollars.  In the first quarter of 2019, profits dropped to 136 million because of the fines; simply a temporary downturn.

How much burying could PG&E do with 136 million dollars or 442 million dollars?  Quite a bit, I imagine.  Over time, most of the wires would be underground.  As a bonus, they could install switches so they can control their grid and not have to guess at which switch turns off which section.  But that would interfere with profits, right?  Can’t have that in this so-called free-market Capitalist system.  So, PG&E thrives, investors get a little return, and, from time to time, some people are going to die.  If you complain, they’ll take your electricity away completely.  (Your bill will still arrive exactly on schedule…)

I think a free market system that kills people but protects the health of companies has it’s priorities all screwed up…

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So, the Orange Anti-Christ, Donnie Dumbass, actually said, “I have an Article II, where I have the right to do whatever I want as President.”  He’s actually said so on more than one occasion.  You might be surprised to hear that Article II says no such thing.  You may think I’m wrong.  Here, read it for yourself and if you can find anything in there that says the President can do whatever he wants, I’ll give you a dollar.  But, because he’s stupid enough to believe it, I think he’s about to become VERY familiar with Section 4…

“Article. II.

Section. 1.

The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same Term, be elected, as follows

Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector.

The Electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by Ballot for two Persons, of whom one at least shall not be an Inhabitant of the same State with themselves. And they shall make a List of all the Persons voted for, and of the Number of Votes for each; which List they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the Seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, in the Presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the Certificates, and the Votes shall then be counted. The Person having the greatest Number of Votes shall be the President, if such Number be a Majority of the whole Number of Electors appointed; and if there be more than one who have such Majority, and have an equal Number of Votes, then the House of Representatives shall immediately chuse by Ballot one of them for President; and if no Person have a Majority, then from the five highest on the List the said House shall in like Manner chuse the President. But in chusing the President, the Votes shall be taken by States, the Representation from each State having one Vote; A quorum for this Purpose shall consist of a Member or Members from two thirds of the States, and a Majority of all the States shall be necessary to a Choice. In every Case, after the Choice of the President, the Person having the greatest Number of Votes of the Electors shall be the Vice President. But if there should remain two or more who have equal Votes, the Senate shall chuse from them by Ballot the Vice President.

The Congress may determine the Time of chusing the Electors, and the Day on which they shall give their Votes; which Day shall be the same throughout the United States.

No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States.

In Case of the Removal of the President from Office, or of his Death, Resignation, or Inability to discharge the Powers and Duties of the said Office, the Same shall devolve on the Vice President, and the Congress may by Law provide for the Case of Removal, Death, Resignation or Inability, both of the President and Vice President, declaring what Officer shall then act as President, and such Officer shall act accordingly, until the Disability be removed, or a President shall be elected.

The President shall, at stated Times, receive for his Services, a Compensation, which shall neither be encreased nor diminished during the Period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that Period any other Emolument from the United States, or any of them.

Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation:—”I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.”

Section. 2.

The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States; he may require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices, and he shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against the United States, except in Cases of Impeachment.

He shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law: but the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments.

The President shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Senate, by granting Commissions which shall expire at the End of their next Session.

Section. 3.

He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary Occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them, and in Case of Disagreement between them, with Respect to the Time of Adjournment, he may adjourn them to such Time as he shall think proper; he shall receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers; he shall take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed, and shall Commission all the Officers of the United States.

Section. 4.

The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.”